Country Profile

 

Land
Geographical Location1West Africa
Land Area210,  690 KM2
Population Density3174 Person KM2
Population
Population42,347,706
Population, female (% of total)550.4 (2019)
Population, male (% of total)649.6 (2019)
Urban population (% of total)761.9 (2019)
Urban population growth rate (annual %)84.0 (2019)
Rural population (% of total population)938.0 (2019)
Population ages 15-19, female (% of female population)1210.6 (2019)
Population ages 15-19, male (% of male population)1310.8 (2019)
Type14Presidential Republic
Electoral Cycle155 Years
Constitution161997 Constitution of The Republic of The Gambia
The proportion of seats held by women in National Parliament(%)1710.3  (2019)
Key Political events1818 February 1965 gained Independence
Number of Local Government Areas198
Economy
GDP ( USD Billion)201.90 (2020)
GDP per capita (USD)21807 (2019)
GDP per capita growth (annual %)22-2.9 (2020)
Trade (% of GDP)2355.5% (2019)
Net official development assistance received ( USD)24194, 039, 993.286 (2019)
Net ODA received per capita (USD)2582.7 (2019)
Social Indicators
Proportion of the Population living below $1.25 /per day2648.6 (2015 – 2016)
Domestic general government health expenditure (% of GDP)270.9 (2018)
Domestic general government health expenditure (% of  current health expenditure)2830.6 (2018)
Current Health Expenditure per capita (USD)2922.2 (2018)
Domestic private health expenditure per capita (USD)3033.3 (2018)
Prevelence of anaemia among pregnant women (%)3155.1 (2019)
Demand for family planning satisfied by modern methods (% of married women with demad for family planning)3241.3 (2019 – 2020)
Maternal Mortality ratio (per 100, 000 live births)33289 (2019 – 2020)
Mortality rate, neonatal (per 1, 000 live births)3429 (2019 – 2020)
Mortality rate, under – 5 (per 1, 000 live births)3556 (2019 – 2020)
Fertility rate, total (births per woman)364.4 (2019 – 2020)
Life Expectancy at birth, Female3763.5 (2019)
Life Expectancy at birth, Male3860.6 (2019)
Contraceptive prevalence, any methods (% of women ages 15 – 49)3919.0 (2019 – 2020)
Contraceptive prevalence, modern methods (% of women ages 15 – 49)4017.0 (2019 – 2020)
Adolescent fertility rate (births per 1000 women ages 15 – 19)4165.0 (2019 – 2020)
Birth attended by skilled health personnel4283.8 (2019 – 2020)
HIV prevalence rate for the population aged (15 – 49 years)43Total 1.9 (2013)
Male 1.7 (2013)
Female 2.1 (2013)
Umemployment rate for the population aged (15 – 49 years)44Total 35.2 (2018)
Male 42.9 (2018)
Female 57.1 (2018)
Youth Unemployment Rate (15 – 35 Years)4541.5 (2018)
Youth not in employment, education or training (NEET)46Total 56.8 (2018)
Male 44.7 (2018)
Female 56.3 (2018)
Literacy rate for the population aged (15 – 49 years)47Male 63.4 (2018)
Female 48.1 (2018)
The proportion of the population with access to safely managed drinking water4833.8 (2018)
The proportion of the population with access to improve sanitary facilities4961.8 (2018)
1 https://www.britannica.com/place/The-Gambia
2 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/census-2013-8
https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/census-2013-8
4 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL?locations=GM
5 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.FE.ZS?locations=GM
6 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.TOTL.MA.ZS?locations=GM
7 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.TOTL?locations=GM
8 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.URB.GROW?locations=GM
9 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL?locations=GM
10 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.RUR.TOTL.ZG?locations=GM
11 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.GROW?locations=GM
12 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.1519.FE.5Y?locations=GM
13 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.POP.1519.MA.5Y?locations=GM
 14 https://globaledge.msu.edu/countries/the-gambia/government
15 https://www.moj.gm/downloads
16 https://www.moj.gm/downloads
17 https://sustainabledevelopment.un.org/content/documents/263072020GambiaVNR.pdf
18 https://www.officeholidays.com/holidays/gambia/gambia-independence-day
19 The Gambia National Policy for Decentralization and Local Government (2015-2024)
20 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.MKTP.CD?locations=GM
21 Gambia Bureau of Statistic 2019
22 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/NY.GDP.PCAP.KD.ZG?locations=GM
23 https://www.macrotrends.net/countries/GMB/gambia/trade-gdp-ratio
24 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.ODA.ODAT.CD?locations=GM
25 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/DT.ODA.ODAT.PC.ZS?locations=GM
26 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/integrated-household-survey-ihs-24
27 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.GHED.GD.ZS?locations=GM
28 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.GHED.CH.ZS?locations=GM
29 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.CHEX.PC.CD?locations=GM
30 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.XPD.PVTD.CH.ZS?locations=GM
31 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SH.PRG.ANEM?locations=GM
32 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
33 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
34 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
35 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
36 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
37 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.LE00.FE.IN?locations=GM
38 https://data.worldbank.org/indicator/SP.DYN.LE00.MA.IN?locations=GM
39 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
40 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
41 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
42 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-76
43 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/reports-fact-sheets-73
44 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/gambia-labour-force-survey-29
45 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/gambia-labour-force-survey-29
46 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/gambia-labour-force-survey-29
47 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/the-mics-survey-findings-report-58
48 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/the-mics-survey-findings-report-58
49 https://www.gbosdata.org/downloads/the-mics-survey-findings-report-58